road construction

Benefits of having concrete roads

Road construction companies often choose concrete as the go-to raw material when constructing roads. Concrete companies often choose this raw material because of its nature and ability to withstand harsh weather conditions. As there are several raw materials available for constructing roads, people are often in two minds if they should use concrete or go for other options. So, if you are planning on constructing a new driveway or road, then in this article we have listed a few benefits of having concrete roads to help you decide if concrete is the right material for your road or not.

Lifespan

Even though concrete is considered to be a costly raw material, it has a longer lifespan as compared to other raw materials used for construction such as asphalt or gravel. Concrete roads are capable of lasting up to 25 years whereas, asphalt roads can last for a maximum of 15 years. However, you can always increase the lifespan of the roads by carrying out repairs work on time.

Durability

Concrete roads are capable of surviving extreme weather conditions. Unlike asphalt, concrete can withstand high temperatures provided there were no mistakes made in process of constructing the concrete road. Moreover, concrete is also known to withstand a load of heavy duty vehicles effortlessly.

Aesthetics

You can add colors to your concrete road and make it aesthetically appealing. Colorful concrete driveways can even increase the overall aesthetics of your property. When you have attractive driveways, it can increase your property’s resale value as well.

Cost-effective

Even though concrete roads are costlier to construct compared to asphalt roads, they are cost-effective as they do not require repeated and extensive repairs. As mentioned earlier, concrete roads can withstand extreme weather conditions and can endure the stress caused onto them by the ongoing traffic. This reduces the frequency of repairs. As a result, maintaining concrete roads is not expensive.

Environment-friendly

Concrete can be reused, and so, they are environment-friendly, unlike asphalt. So, if you plan on repairing or replacing your concrete road, the old concrete can be recycled and can be used for other construction purposes. This is done by collecting the old concrete and mixing it with new concrete. The old concrete can be used as an aggregate to the sub-base layer for construction purpose.

Now that you are aware of the benefits of constructing concrete roads and if you wish to construct concrete roads, you can contact one of the road construction companies. Apart from constructing the concrete road, they will also carry out any maintenance for your driveways or repair works as and when it is required to increase the life of your road.

road construction

4 types of road construction equipment

Roads are the oldest and most preferred means of transportation. According to research, as of April 2018, ridership in Canada was 158.5 million passenger trips. As road transport is so popular, the roads need to be extremely durable for a safe and continuous commute. A road needs to be strong enough to endure the movement of heavy vehicles. The road construction companies in Edmonton understand this necessity, and so they are careful to construct roads perfectly as required with the help of right construction equipment and professionals. Now when it comes to using the right road construction equipment, the following are the most commonly used.

1. Backhoe

Backhoe

A backhoe or an excavator is used to dig the area and clear the debris to create a construction platform. The backhoe consists of a boom, bucket, and a cabin equipped on crawler units for movement. The boom of a backhoe can be extended or withdrawn depending on the nature of the work to be performed. Apart from digging, an excavator is also used in dredging, grading, landscaping, and demolition of structures

2. Bulldozers

 Bulldozers

A bulldozer has a heavy plate at the front end. With this plate, it can remove large chunks of sand, soil, and other debris and clear the construction area. Also, bulldozers are used to break down or destroy any unwanted structures. Therefore, instead of asking laborers to clear the area or demolish any structures, you can use bulldozers. This will help you to save time.

3. Asphalt mixing machine

Asphalt mixing machine

The asphalt mixing machine mixes the raw materials such as sand, gravel, asphalt cement, etc. to create an asphalt mix which is then laid on the surface of the road. So, if you are constructing asphalt road, then this equipment is a must-have.

4. Compactor

 

The compactor is an essential type of equipment which is used in road construction. This type of heavy equipment is used after the asphalt is poured onto the road. The compactor compacts and pressurizes each and every layer of the asphalt to ensure that the road is flat and strong. There are different types of compactors. The most commonly used types of compactors are plate compactors, jumping jack compactors and the road roller which is commonly used in road construction.

Apart from these 4 types of road construction equipment, forklift trucks, wheel loaders, cranes, etc. may also be used by road construction companies in Edmonton. If you are considering constructing a road in your vicinity, or a driveway for your home, you should get in touch with a road construction company in Edmonton. Apart from constructing the road, a professional road constructor will also carry out regular maintenance and repair works if required. This will ensure that your roads remain in good condition for a long time.

road construction

How to ensure that roads are safe to drive?

When it comes to the safety while driving, we are asked to follow countless driving tips such as wear your seatbelts, be cautious while driving, don’t drink and drive, maintain the right speed limit, and so on. But these aren’t the only factors that will ensure you have a safe ride. The roads that we drive on should also be in good condition to avoid skids and falls. Right from the road construction stage to the timely maintenance, road construction companies should be careful to ensure that roads are safe to drive.

As damages to the asphalt roads over time is common, the concerned authorities should carry out the following techniques for complete safety of the vehicle drivers.

Patching

Patching is the process of filling potholes or excavated areas in the asphalt roads. Quick repair of potholes or other disintegration not only helps in controlling further deterioration of the road but also ensures a smooth, uninterrupted ride. Common materials for patching include hot mix asphalt, asphalt emulsion mixes, stockpile patching mixes, and patching mixes with special blends of aggregate and modified binders. The full-depth patching is the permanent solution for various road defects. The process involves removal of the entire road surface layer around the defect and applying patches of the best patching material.

Crack Filling

If the asphalt road has developed multiple cracks, it surely needs some crack filling treatment. Crack filling refers to the process of blowing out and cleaning crevices before installation of a crack filler material. This is also known as the “blow-and-go” method. Common materials for crack filling include asphalt emulsions, fiberized asphalt, and polymer-modified emulsions. Crack filling reduces the seepage of water on the road surface, which can weaken the aggregate base and subgrade materials.

Sealcoating

Sealcoating the asphalt roads has numerous aesthetic and functional benefits. Exposure to oxygen hardens asphalt binders and results in a brittle pavement surface that soon cracks. Sealcoating slows the oxidation process and keeps the surface rigid for a longer period. Also, sealcoating prevents water penetration that can damage the paving materials beneath the road. Furthermore, gasoline and other products derived from petroleum such as oils and fuels, fats, grease, mineral spirits, etc. easily dissolve asphalt. Sealcoating solves these and several other problems on the road that can possibly hinder a smooth vehicle ride. Asphalt or coal tar emulsions and aggregate-based seals are the most commonly used sealants for sealcoating asphalt roads.

Drainage Management

A good drainage system should be able to drain rainwater and melted snow away from the road and prevent flooding the roadway or adjacent property. Also, water should not be allowed to accumulate over the road surface for too long. Standing water on the roads can increase the chances of skids, slips, and accidents. Thus, it is essential to build a good drainage system including the right sloping and drainage chambers to ensure that water flows away quickly after every rain.

The authorities can get in touch with a renowned road construction company to carry out these repair and renovation procedures. The road construction company will also provide several other types of road repairs based on the severity of damage to the asphalt surfaces.

gravel driveway

Everything you need to know about gravel driveways

The driveway is the first thing we encounter when arriving at a house and the last thing we see when we leave. If you’re looking to add charm, texture, dimension, and visual interest to your residential property without spending a fortune, gravel driveways can be an excellent choice for you. In this article, you can learn everything about gravel driveways and decide if it is an ideal option for you.

Process of Installing Gravel Driveway

Most driveway paving companies recommend three different sizes of rocks for gravel driveways. In all three layers, only machine crushed stones are used, rather than round ones. Due to their angular, triangle shape, these stones will lock together on the driveway.

The first layer of gravel consists of baseball size gravel rocks, also known as #3 stones. These rocks form a strong foundation for your driveway and ensure good drainage during rainfall or snowfall, and also when you wash your driveway. This layer also keeps the smaller rock from disappearing into the soil. The bottom-most layer of the driveway should be made of four inches of these rocks.

The second or the sandwiching layer of about 3-4 inches is installed using rocks of about the size of golf balls. This layer of rocks makes the transition to the top layer.

The top layer of gravel consists of 4 inches of marble-size rocks. These rocks can vary in color from black to gray to rust, depending on which type of gravel stones you choose.

Benefits of Gravel Driveways

1. Gravel driveways are the cheapest option when it comes to driveway materials. A gravel driveway can cost anywhere between CAD1 and CAD5 depending on which rocks you choose.
2. Unlike other types of driveways, gravel does not crack, fade, sink, or deteriorate in any way.
3. A gravel driveway, if installed properly, can last for anywhere between 5 to 100 years with regular upkeep and maintenance.
4. Gravel driveway adds a charming and stylish natural style to your residential lots.
5. When gravel is installed properly, rainwater will penetrate directly into the earth, replenishing groundwater.

Maintenance of Gravel Driveways

Annual or biannual herbicide application for preventing weed growth and weed pulling are some of the maintenance tips that you need to follow. Also, adding the displaced gravel periodically is quicker than sealing an asphalt driveway and doesn’t require special tools. You need to add gravel after every snow removal session and ensure that there aren’t any pits or shallow areas created.

Choosing the right gravel is essential, but proper site preparation is even more necessary. Before you lay any gravel, you must remove the topmost soil layer. This layer is highly organic and can result in plant and weed growth. Also, this layer is spongy, which isn’t great for laying the foundation for your driveway. You can hire our gravel driveway paving company to prepare the site and install gravel driveways efficiently.

concrete crack

Why does Concrete Crack?

Concrete as a raw material is known for its strength, durability, and endurance. Even though constructing a road with concrete is costly, it is beneficial in the long run as it does not require repeated repairs or maintenance jobs. Concrete is also beneficial as it can withstand extreme weather conditions. Even though concrete is exceptionally durable, and strong, it can suffer damages eventually and so you need to protect your concrete driveway. The damage can be in the form of cracks which can lead to potholes. But why do concrete crack? To answer your question, in this article we have mentioned the reasons why concrete surfaces develop cracks.

Irregular mixing ratio

At times when a concrete company manages to create an odd mixture, the road constructed can eventually develop cracks. If in case, the mixture that was prepared for constructing your driveway consisted of excessive water, or excess dry cement the constructed road would eventually result in shrinkage. This shrinkage eventually leads to cracks.

Ground movement

There are certain instances when your driveway or a road is constructed next to a tree. When your driveway is located near a tree, its roots are bound to expand. This expansion results in pushing the road on the concrete. This movement results in the concrete getting cracked as it cannot bear the force exerted by the roots.

Poor quality of raw materials

You need to be careful when selecting the concrete material for your road construction. If the construction company uses poor quality concrete or low-quality materials, then the concrete roads won’t last long. Also, you need to be careful that the construction company is experienced and has the right heavy equipment to create a smooth concrete surface that lasts long.

Extreme weather conditions

Concrete is known to be tough and long-lasting. But extreme weather conditions can cause damage to concrete surfaces. Frequent rains can cause water logging and so the accumulated water can seep into the road and subsequently cause cracks. Also, if the concrete road or driveway is built in an area where the temperatures are extremely high, the concrete mixture can become loose and cracks begin to appear.

If your driveway, road, or pavement has cracked, you should get in touch with a concrete company to prevent further damage. Proper construction, timely maintenance, and repairs can help you increase the life of your concrete surface.

Stamped Concrete

How to Install Stamped Concrete?

Looking for an affordable and attractive way to update the patio, porch, backyard, or walkways of your house? If you said yes, then stamped concrete can be your best choice. This decorative style of concrete is a preferred choice among countless homeowners in Edmonton. And the best part is that installing stamped concrete apart from normal concrete is that it isn’t a time-consuming process. Therefore, one of the best stamped concrete companies and they will provide accurate and beautiful concrete surfaces.

Let us look at the traditional method of installing stamped concrete to understand how simple the process is.

Protecting Adjacent Elements:

It is essential to protect adjacent buildings, plants, trees, accessories, or other existing slabs before commencing the installation process. These elements should be covered and protected with plastic sheets beforehand.

Subgrade Preparation:

The subgrade makes a big difference in the overall performance and structural integrity of the slab. A well-compacted subgrade prevents drainage and soil erosion under the concrete. The soil should be compacted, and the subgrade should be prepared first.

Form Placement:

Rightly placed forms ensure proper slope or grade for efficient drainage. It is also essential to place forms accurately for neat corners around structures and landscape borders. During this step, forms made from wood, metal or plastic are attached to stakes to contain the concrete in the desired place.

Concrete Placement:

The concrete should be placed as close to its final destination as possible because excessive movement can lead to segregation. The concrete mixture is poured in place. The concrete should be no less than four inches in thickness.

Color Application:

The desired color is added to the concrete using one of the two techniques. The two most common techniques of coloring the concrete are – Integral Coloring and Broadcast Method.

Release Agent Application:

Once the color is settled, a medium-thick layer of a color release agent is applied to the concrete layer. This is done to prevent the texture or pattern stamping mats from sticking to freshly placed concrete. Also, stamping mats don’t work without the use of a release agent. A release agent with a darker tone than the coloring agent provides depth and shadowing in the finished concrete.

Stamping Process:

Patterned or textured stamping mats are then applied to the wet concrete mix. The mats are held in place with some amount of pressure for about 2-3 minutes. As concrete starts to dry soon, stamping is done at a faster pace. Detailing of the patterns are done with the help of hand chisel if necessary.

Drying Process:

Concrete is then left to dry for 24 hours or more. The layer becomes denser and less permeable to moisture, and the overall strength and durability increases.

Cleaning Process:

The stamped concrete is washed with water once the concrete is set. The surface is again left to dry for a day completely.

Sealing Process:

Sealing the stamped concrete enhances the color or stamped concrete, adds luster to the concrete, and blocks penetration of stains from dirt, chemicals, moisture, etc. A clear enhancer or sealant is applied to the concrete with the help of a roller, once it is completely dry.
If you are looking for one of the most efficient and reliable stamped concrete companies, you can reach out to Blacktop Paving. We provide complete paving services with precision for all kinds of residential and commercial surfaces.

asphalt and bitumen

Difference Between Asphalt and Bitumen

Asphalt is the most commonly used raw material by asphalt services in Edmonton for constructing pavements and roads. As asphalt is solid and reliable, several road contractors use it for their construction. Apart from asphalt, there are several other raw materials which are used in the construction of roads. These materials include gravel, concrete, asphalt, and bitumen. Bitumen is a raw material that is used in the construction of roads. People often get confused between asphalt and bitumen. Let’s understand both these road construction materials in detail.

What is bitumen?

Bitumen is a cementitious material found in different forms. Bitumen is a naturally occurring raw material, and almost a significant chunk of the road construction work need this type of raw material. It is a liquid binder that ensures the asphalt becomes strong enough and holds together. When you construct roads using bitumen, a layer of bitumen is applied on the surface of the road. The layer of bitumen spray is then covered with the aggregate. The aggregate is then again covered with bitumen spray.

What is asphalt?

Asphalt is a type of raw material primarily used in the construction of roads. In fact, as mentioned before, asphalt is recyclable and the most commonly used road materials because of its durability and low cost. Asphalt roads are preferred as they are cost-effective and are extremely durable provided timely asphalt road maintenance is performed.

Road Construction Process

When constructing a road using asphalt as the raw material, the professionals initially clear the road from all the dirt and dust particles. After the cleaning process, the road is then layered with asphalt. The raw material is then compacted with a roller or any other type of equipment. After the compacting process, the asphalt road is then treated with a cover of glass powder filler that strengthens the raw material.

In order to make your asphalt roads last longer, you should ensure that timely maintenance is carried out with the help of companies providing asphalt road repair services. During the maintenance process, the contractors repair the cracks or potholes that begin to appear. Also, the road is leveled so that there’s no water accumulated over it. All these maintenance measures ensure that your asphalt road remains in good condition.

If you want to construct a road, you can get in touch with companies providing asphalt services in Edmonton. A professional firm knows what kind of raw materials are needed to construct a road and they will ensure that the constructed road lasts long.

Decorative concrete mistakes you must avoid

Decorative Concrete Mistakes You Must Avoid

The growing trend noticed these days is the rise in the use of decorative concrete services in Edmonton by many residents. Decorative concrete is used not only for home exteriors but also home interiors. The reason for this sudden increase in demand is the level of aesthetic appeal that decorative concrete gives to the floor. Decorative concrete comes in different colors and designs, which makes an appealing addition to your construction or homes. While decorative concrete is appealing, there are certain mistakes that can spoil its appeal. Some of them are listed below.

Water Errors

The base of a good decorative concrete depends on how well you make the mixture. If you add too much of water, the surface will become porous with the color having a bleached effect. Excess water in the mixture can also lead to cracks on the surface in cold weathers. Apart from that, even a light cleaning session might cause scratches and leave a mark of discoloration.

Stamping Errors

Stamping is a crucial process in decorative concrete. This process includes the use of rubber stamps to create patterns on the concrete. When stamping is done on the concrete, the contractor has to be really careful. If the correct amount of pressure is not applied on all sides, the pattern can form unevenly. Also, when scrubbing the roller across the stamp, do it evenly.

Coloring Errors

When mixing color in the concrete mix, you need to be careful. Make sure you mix the color evenly or else the pigment will look uneven. Also, when you are applying the color coat make sure it is even. Spread the pigment in each section and keep a measure of how much pigment you have used in each section.

Sealant Errors

In every concrete job, sealing the concrete after completion is an essential process. The process of sealing the concrete is done using a special type of sealant. If you apply a very thick coat of sealant, it will cause a buildup on your decorative concrete and cause the concrete to look whitish. Sometimes it also makes the concrete slippery. On the other hand, if you apply less sealant, the concrete will not be well protected, and the pigment of the concrete will become dull eventually. Also, damages will appear sooner on the surface.

Avoiding these common mistakes will ensure that you get the best decorative concrete. Apart from these, the biggest mistake would be to create your own decorative concrete without the help of experts. Projects like these require expertise, so do not try it on your own and contact your nearest decorative concrete services in Edmonton.

asphalt used for road surface

Why is Asphalt used for Road Surface?

Today, asphalt (also known as blacktop) is the most preferred choice of paving companies when it comes to paving road surfaces. Over the years, this material has proven to be better than other commonly used road construction materials. Asphalt has been a better choice for the countless advantages it provides. Here are some advantages that make asphalt an ideal choice for road surfaces.

Safer Roads

Asphalt creates the smoothest surface to drive on. Open-graded asphalt, a special type of road surface, can even minimize splash and spray during monsoon and reduce accidents and skids on roads. This way, asphalt gives people a smooth and comfortable ride.

Quick Construction

Asphalt roads can be paved just a lane at a time, minimizing disruption and long congestions. Also, the paving projects can often be completed in one short day, even overnight, leaving routes open for people. The material dries so fast that roads will not be blocked or held up for very long.

Economical Option

As the asphalt paving projects are completed in short duration, the overall cost involved in the construction process (including the labor charges, contractor and engineer fees, machinery rent, etc.) is also lower. Moreover, the cost of maintenance of asphalt roads is also relatively lower than the alternative materials. As a result, asphalt is an economical paving material.

Durable Roads

Other benefits of asphalt roads are that they are durable and resilient. As there is hardly any material mixing involved before laying the asphalt layers, there are lesser chances of incorrect asphalt paving which may lead to issues in the future. Asphalt is resistant to extreme weather conditions. Also, spalling, flaking or cracking are not the issues with asphalt roads.

Recyclable and Environment-friendly Roads

Another great thing about asphalt is that it is 100% recyclable. It can be used over and over, and its life-cycle never ends. Asphalt roads can be dug up and then reused again. Post-consumer waste such as used tires and shingles can also be reused in new asphalt pavement. This means that asphalt roads are highly eco-friendly too.

Higher Energy Efficiency

Smooth asphalt reduces the friction between tires and roads, which means better fuel economy and reduced carbon dioxide emissions. Special warm mix asphalt roads can be constructed at lower temperatures, further reducing the energy required to heat asphalt materials for road paving.

Ideal Winter Solution

Lastly, asphalt provides comfort during extreme winters and snowfall. Asphalt helps keep roads free from ice and snow. Its black color absorbs the sun’s heat efficiently. This means the snow melts faster, thus reducing the cost of labor and the effort of maintaining it.

Want to know more surprising and unique benefits of asphalt? Or want to know if it is an ideal material to build your driveway or parking lot too? Get all your asphalt paving-related questions answered by one of the best paving companies in Edmonton.

types of sandblasting

types of sandblasting

The process of removing impurities from a surface and making it smooth with the assistance of abrasive material such as sand is known as sandblasting or abrasive blasting. People who work in the painting industry know that sandblasting is primarily used in removing a coat or a layer of paint and make the surface smooth. Over the years, commercial sandblasting services have been used for various purposes. Let’s take a look at the 5 common types of sandblasting done today.

Silica Sandblasting

Sandblasting or silica blasting is one of the most common and traditional ways of removing impurities from a surface. This technique has sand granules that can polish a rough surface and make it smooth. This sandblasting is not a common medium anymore as it is replaced by other effective means of sandblasting materials.

Steel Sandblasting

In this type of sandblasting, steel particles are used to remove paint or rust. Steel sandblasting primarily focuses on removing paint shades and are also known to help in adhesion of your next coating. This type of sandblasting leaves a smooth finish onto the surface after the process is complete.

Bead Sandblasting

In this type of sandblasting, the primary material used to sandblast a surface is glass beads. The glass beads are used to give the surface a matte or a satin look. This type of sandblasting is useful for providing a fine finish and are often used on cabinets.

Soda Sandblasting

The soda sandblasting technique requires the usage of washing or bicarbonate soda. Such an abrasive material does not damage the metal or any other material despite being projected at tremendous speeds. Soda sandblasting can help in removing rust from delicate surfaces on which you cannot use rough sandblasting techniques.

Bristle Sandblasting

Metal or steel wires are used in this type of blasting. Instead of projecting, this technique rubs the steel wires across the surface to remove the impurities. This method is extremely beneficial when it comes to eliminating corrosion.

You can get in touch with a commercial sandblasting services providing company in Edmonton to help you to get rid of dirt or corrosion on your commercial properties. Moreover, a professional company will have the right equipment and the expertise to know what type of sandblasting will be effective to clean your commercial properties.