Subgrade preparation

Subgrade preparation steps for new pavements

Is your pavement old and damaged? Are you planning to build a new pavement? Building a pavement is a comprehensive process that has various stages to it. One such important stage is the subgrade preparation. A subgrade is the foundation of a pavement structure. There is a complete process of subgrade preparation to make sturdy pavement. This process differs for commercial paving contractors and residential paving contractors as the residential pavement is more about the aesthetic appeal and commercial pavements need more strength. Let us have a look at both the processes.

Step for Residential Subgrade Preparation

  1. To begin with the subgrade preparation, the pavement land is evaluated to identify structural problems.
  2. On identification of structural problems, the old asphalt layer is moved to replace the subgrade’s soft spot with rock and aggregate.
  3. The bad soil is replaced with a mix of rocks and graded stone in a layer of 12 inches.
  4. Next, the subgrade is leveled in order to provide proper drainage to the pavement. If this step is missed, water pools will form on your new pavement.
  5. After the leveling is done, the old asphalt is surfaced, and the sides of the pavement are cleared of any obstructions.
  6. Compaction is added to the subgrade by applying pressure on it. This is mostly done by work trucks passing on the pavement.
  7. Once the subgrade is stabilized and compacted, the paving process is initiated.

Steps for Commercial Subgrade Preparation

  1. To prepare the subgrade of a commercial pavement, the subgrade’s soft spot is removed and instead uniformly-sized rocks are put after placing a cloth layer to strengthen the subgrade.
  2. When the subgrade is prepared, the soil is also evaluated. This is essential to ensure that the built of the pavement is strong for commercial use.
  3. Different areas will have different soil types. Hiring professional pavement contractors ensures that the proper soil type is identified for a sturdy pavement construction.

Once the soil type and soil condition are identified, it is treated before the final asphalt installation is poured to set.

Preparing a strong subgrade for your pavement is essential if you want to increase the life of your pavement. With a good subgrade, your pavement will not face issues of waterlogging and potholes. So make sure you follow the right steps in preparing a solid subgrade foundation for your pavement.

asphalt and bitumen

Difference Between Asphalt and Bitumen

Asphalt is the most commonly used raw material by asphalt services in Edmonton for constructing pavements and roads. As asphalt is solid and reliable, several road contractors use it for their construction. Apart from asphalt, there are several other raw materials which are used in the construction of roads. These materials include gravel, concrete, asphalt, and bitumen. Bitumen is a raw material that is used in the construction of roads. People often get confused between asphalt and bitumen. Let’s understand both these road construction materials in detail.

What is bitumen?

Bitumen is a cementitious material found in different forms. Bitumen is a naturally occurring raw material, and almost a significant chunk of the road construction work need this type of raw material. It is a liquid binder that ensures the asphalt becomes strong enough and holds together. When you construct roads using bitumen, a layer of bitumen is applied on the surface of the road. The layer of bitumen spray is then covered with the aggregate. The aggregate is then again covered with bitumen spray.

What is asphalt?

Asphalt is a type of raw material primarily used in the construction of roads. In fact, as mentioned before, asphalt is recyclable and the most commonly used road materials because of its durability and low cost. Asphalt roads are preferred as they are cost-effective and are extremely durable provided timely asphalt road maintenance is performed.

Road Construction Process

When constructing a road using asphalt as the raw material, the professionals initially clear the road from all the dirt and dust particles. After the cleaning process, the road is then layered with asphalt. The raw material is then compacted with a roller or any other type of equipment. After the compacting process, the asphalt road is then treated with a cover of glass powder filler that strengthens the raw material.

In order to make your asphalt roads last longer, you should ensure that timely maintenance is carried out with the help of companies providing asphalt road repair services. During the maintenance process, the contractors repair the cracks or potholes that begin to appear. Also, the road is leveled so that there’s no water accumulated over it. All these maintenance measures ensure that your asphalt road remains in good condition.

If you want to construct a road, you can get in touch with companies providing asphalt services in Edmonton. A professional firm knows what kind of raw materials are needed to construct a road and they will ensure that the constructed road lasts long.

Driveway Repair

Residential Driveway Paving 101

You may not realize this but your residential driveway undergoes maximum wear and tear. Once constructed, we tend to assume that it will last forever. But, unfortunately, just like any other part of your property, your driveway is subject to harsh external factors like sunlight and humidity. This eventually leads to a damaged driveway. However, a properly constructed and well-maintained driveway will prove to be a good investment in the long run.

This article is a guide on residential driveway paving for homeowners and concrete companies in Edmonton. With a good understanding of the properties of a durable driveway, you can plan for your next pavement project with the best concrete companies in Edmonton. You will also learn about the different types of paving materials used and get tips on maintaining your driveway:

Common Paving Materials

Asphalt: Asphalt is one of the most frequently used materials in paving projects. It is a preferred choice as it is affordable, easy to install, and durable. But, over a period of time, the climatic conditions tend to take a toll on your asphalt driveway. It tends to develop cracks and potholes that can cause problems while driving. There are many concrete companies in Edmonton who offer repair and maintenance services for asphalt driveways.

Concrete: Some homeowners choose concrete over asphalt for their driveway paving. A concrete driveway offers the advantage of durability and color variations in comparison to asphalt. Quality is a must for a driveway. Since concrete requires low maintenance, repairing this driveway can be a costly affair. Hence, it is important to get your concrete driveway installed from good concrete companies in Edmonton.

Choosing the Right Contractor

To have a long-lasting driveway, it is imperative that you hire a reputed concrete company in Edmonton. You need to make sure that the professional you are hiring is legitimate, experienced, and trustworthy. Here are a few tips that help you choose the right contractor to obtain the best possible driveway pavement:

  • Compare proposals from more than one contractor to get a good understanding of the pricing that different professionals offer for the same surface area.

  • Insist on a written contract or agreement in addition to the guarantee or warranty your contractor offers.

  • Seek for past work references of the contractor you are considering for your driveway paving project.

Maintaining Your Driveway

Although you can hire concrete companies in Edmonton for driveway maintenance, it is also good to follow certain useful practices for a long lasting driveway. You can periodically, clean, scrub, and wash your pavement. Use any detergent available at the supermarket for cleaning your driveway. Other useful practices involve concrete engraving and recoloring.

If you are looking for professionals to construct a driveway or repair an existing one, then get in touch with our experts today.

Asphalt vs. Concrete Driveway

Asphalt Or Concrete: Which One Is Better For Your Acreage Driveway?

Are you building a new home and need to decide how to pave your driveway? The two most popular options for you to choose from are asphalt and concrete.

Although, there are other materials that can be used for paving your driveways like, gravel and brick, but asphalt and concrete are the most cost efficient and durable of choices. To decide between these two, you need to understand the advantages and the disadvantages of both these option. The most specific considerations are aesthetics, climate, maintenance cost and restrictions on usage.

Dive into this guide for more information on an asphalt vs. concrete driveway:

What is an Asphalt Driveway?

Asphalt is the most popular preference for driveways. It is made up of tar and is often referred to as ‘blacktop’ as it is dark in color. For paving the area, asphalt is heated to 1480 in order to liquefy. Once heated, asphalt contractors have to work fast before it solidifies. If you want your acreage driveway to last long void of potholes, choose asphalt. You can also consult our services to know more about residential asphalt paving.

What is a Concrete Driveway?

Concrete is another common material used for driveways and similar surface applications. It is made of cement. Concrete can be used for more than just a pavement in your home. If utilized right, it can work wonders and enhance your residential design.

Concrete paving methods range from a standard poured application to steamed paving. To know more about residential concrete paving, consult our expert contractors.

Pros and Cons of Asphalt and Concrete Driveway:

Keep in mind the pros and cons of each of these materials to choose the right option for your home:



Traditional asphalt is dark.

Traditional concrete has a brighter glow.

Asphalt is usually available only in black tint.

Concrete is available in different styles like stains, stamps, and polishes.

It is favorable for a cold climate. The tar used in asphalt tends to melt in a hotter climate.

It is favorable for a hot climate. Concrete usually cracks in colder regions.

Asphalt requires the application of a sealant after 6 months to 12 months of its installation.

Concrete driveways do not require sealant.

Asphalt repairs are easy to fix.

Concrete driveways are a bit expensive and not as easy to fix as asphalt driveways.

The cost of installation is less.

The cost of installation is higher.

Our experts at Blacktop Paving can offer you the right guidance to choose between these two materials for your residential or commercial project. Contact us today to learn more about paving your driveway.

asphalt driveway paving

Is Asphalt Right For Your Driveway Paving?

You may be wondering which material should be used for your new driveway paving. Or, your old driveway paving may have been damaged and you are considering repairing it. A professional paver will suggest you have an asphalt driveway installation. Indeed, if you want the best base for your driveway, asphalt is the ideal option. Let’s take a look at some of the reasons why asphalt is right for your driveway paving.

Better than Concrete

Asphalt paving is better than using concrete for your driveway paving. Concrete driveway paving is made by mixing cement and water that forms a hard surface. This hard surface is prone to crack and if the surface beneath is not smooth enough, it can break. In the case of asphalt, it is first heated and then poured onto the bed of the driveway and then pressed with the help of a steamroller. As the asphalt cools down, it is strong enough to withstand the traffic. Unlike concrete, asphalt driveway paving provides flexibility to adjust the imperfections beneath the surface and as a result, it prevents cracks.

Economical Choice

If you are looking for a cost-effective material for your driveway paving, then you should consider asphalt driveway installation. The asphalt driveway installation is low and at the same time, the long-term maintenance cost is also less. So, if your budget is your constraint and you are looking for a low cost solution for your driveway paving, then asphalt is the best base for driveway for your residence.

Takes Less Time

Another advantage of using asphalt for your driveway paving is because it can be installed in quickly. Moreover, once the asphalt driveway paving is installed, it is ready to use within less than two days.

Easy Replacement

If your asphalt road gets damaged over a period of time, then you can easily remove and replace the damaged asphalt. The process to remove the damaged asphalt is also relatively easier as compared to a concrete driveway paving. Complete asphalt replacement is fast and does not incur much cost as compared to a concrete driveway paving. Thus, asphalt is the best base for driveway paving.

Apart from these above-mentioned points, asphalt driveway installation is long-lasting and makes your driveway paving look attractive too. So if you are looking for a long-term solution for fixing your driveway at affordable costs, then asphalt is the best base for driveway. Get in touch with a professional paver to help you out with getting the right kind of asphalt for driveway paving. The professional paver would also assist in the maintenance of your driveway paving so that your driveway paving is in good shape to use.

Asphalt Driveway Paving

Asphalt Driveway Paving: Why Pick Asphalt?

Your driveway is prone to degradation due to weather conditions, traffic, and aging. While there are different paving options available for your driveway, you would definitely want one that is long lasting and cost-effective. Asphalt surfaces offer several benefits, which makes it a popular choice for application on roads, driveways, parking lots and more. Its durability and resilience make it the best option for your driveway paving. Here are a few reasons why you should go for an asphalt driveway paving.

Smooth and Safe

Asphalt paving offers a smooth driveway surface. Rough texture and blow-ups are not an issue with asphalt paving. The smooth surface also makes asphalt a safer paving option for your driveway. The polished surface and dark color of asphalt provide high skid resistance, limited back splash, and better visual distinction for any markings. Asphalt also ensures rapid drainage of water allowing for safe driving during wet weather conditions and winters.


Asphalt pavement is known for its durability and resistance. It is a reliable weather resistant material that can withstand harshest weather conditions. Asphalt pavement is also resistant to the weight of heaviest vehicles. Its lasting and reliable nature makes asphalt a popular option for driveways. If properly laid, your asphalt pavement can last 15-20 years or even more.

Speedy Construction and Low-Maintenance

Asphalt pavement is fast to construct. Because of the minimal cure time, an asphalt pavement can be used immediately after construction. The speedy construction and quick use save time, and you will not have to hold on for long before use. Additionally, the lasting and resistant nature of asphalt makes it a low maintenance option. They are easy to upgrade in case of degradation. Crack sealing and surface overlay makes for easy maintenance and use.


Low initial costs, low-maintenance, durability, and the reusable nature of asphalt makes it a cost-effective paving option. With good care, your asphalt driveway can last for several years. Moreover, asphalt is reusable which yields notable savings in material and logistics. Properly laid asphalt with the required thickness gives you a durable, cost-effective, and sustainable driveway.


Asphalt is the most commonly recycled construction material. You may dig your driveway and use the asphalt over and over again, several times. This feature makes it a popular and cost-effective material. When we re-use asphalt, we preserve our natural resources and reduce waste. The recyclable feature of asphalt makes it an environment friendly paving option.

All of the above-mentioned points demonstrate the benefits of an asphalt driveway paving. If you are looking for a long lasting and economical driveway paving, asphalt is undoubtedly the best option. A well-laid asphalt driveway can last up to 20 years and more. Consult professional pavers to enhance your driveway with durable asphalt paving.

Residential Driveway Paving

The Best Residential Driveway Paving

Being an important part of your home’s outer landscape, your driveway creates your first impression on your neighbors and guests. Driveways are usually exposed to wear and tear, due to weather conditions and daily use. Hence, apart from being attractive, your driveway has to be highly durable in nature. Choosing the best paving material is vital for an impressive and long-lasting driveway. While the choice depends on personal preferences, the material chosen must be able to resist tire marks, vehicle pressure, temperatures, oil drips, and other hazards. Several residential driveway paving materials are available to choose from. We give you a few of them.


Asphalt is considered as one of the most durable materials. It is a preferred choice for areas that experience extreme temperatures. The dramatic changes in temperature may fracture several other driveway materials. But, asphalt allows driveways to breathe and flex, preventing breakage. Because of its highly durable nature, asphalt paved driveways can resist harshest weather conditions. Properly laid asphalt can last up to 20 years and more. Asphalt paving offers the benefits of speedy construction and use. The material is relatively cost-effective, low-maintenance and recyclable. Additionally, you can choose from decorative asphalt options to enhance your driveway appearance.


Concrete is one of the most popular options for driveways. Concrete is available in decorative patterns to enhance the aesthetics of your landscape. It is extremely versatile and can be used to achieve a variety of looks including natural stone, cobblestone, and even custom designs. You can also choose from a wide variety of color combinations, chemical stains, and concrete dyes that come with decorative concrete. While concrete is also durable, it is not a great option for regions with extreme temperatures. Moreover, concrete can also be expensive depending on the use for paving your driveway.

Paving Stones

Paving stones lend a sophisticated appearance to your driveway. They are the best choice for striking an impressive appearance but are the most expensive option. For extreme climatic condition, interlocked paving stones are recommended. It provides flexibility to the paving stones allowing them to resist breakage. These interlocking paving stones come in a wide variety of shapes and colors to be laid in different patterns. Additionally, repairs are simple, because specific areas can be repaired without having to redo the whole pavement.

All these materials have their own benefits and drawbacks. Selecting the best residential driveway paving material out of these depends on several factors. Apart from personal choice, you must consider your budget, weather conditions of your region, and maintenance and durability of the material. Consult a professional paving company, who will guide you with their knowledge and information, to select the best material for your residential driveway paving.

Edmonton Asphalt

Tips To Pick A Reliable Asphalt Paver

Asphalt pavements tend to deteriorate because of traffic pressure and a change in temperatures. Deterioration results in cracks and pothole formation which can be dangerous. Hence, asphalt pavement needs proper installation and timely maintenance. It is essential to choose a qualified and experienced asphalt paver, whether you seek to pave your driveway, asphalt resurfacing or adding a pathway. These areas add value to your landscape only when done by a reliable asphalt paver. Several factors need to be considered before choosing a reliable contractor.

Background check

It is vital to select a reputable contractor who can provide you high-quality asphalt paving services. While word of mouth can help you in picking one, you also need to be sure of the company and its services by doing a detailed check. Take personal recommendations from family and friends, check their website, read reviews and testimonials, licensing, and look them up on directory listings. Ask the contractor for references, pictures of their past work, their guarantee and the materials they use. A professional contractor will be eager to ensure you the best service by going over project details, giving an estimated timeline, and explain you the technical terms.

Multiple quotations

Get at least three quotes on your project before finalizing on a contractor. With multiple quotes, you can compare pricing, warranty and services and select the best service for your project. Pick the best one on the basis of your meeting with them, pricing, materials used and other elements.

Contractor’s experience

With experience comes knowledge and professionalism, hence it is vital that you choose an experienced asphalt paver. Make sure to check how long they have been in the industry and whether they are capable of answering your questions with honesty and confidence. Apart from the contractor, the installation crew handling the activities on site must also be trained and experienced.

Written contract

The biggest mistake people often make is not obtaining a written contract or signing one without reading. Always obtain a written contract with details about cost, payment terms, project details, guarantee and other terms. Be sure to read it thoroughly before signing it. A contractor offering you lucrative deals or an extremely low price may leave you with a poor quality asphalt pavement. Mostly you are required to pay a percentage before the work and balance after its completion. A written contract will save you from complications that may arise during the term or in future.

Promising new techniques, immediate installation and offering lucrative offers are signs of a scam contract. Be sure to do a thorough research to pick a reliable contractor. If the job is done right, your asphalt pavement can last long. If you are looking to add or maintain an asphalt pavement, seek one of the reliable asphalt pavers in Edmonton who are experienced in providing high-quality service.

Image Source:


5 Steps For Edmonton Driveway Paving

Asphalt driveways are prone to degradation over-time due to several reasons such as weather changes and traffic pressure. Being reliable, durable and low maintenance, asphalt pavement is a substantial investment so choosing the right Edmonton Driveway Paving contractor is essential. The process of driveway paving requires the right materials, heavy equipment as well as experience and skill. The whole process has a series of steps that leads to successful driveway paving. Therefore, you must make sure that these are a vital part of the contract.

  1. Removal of the Current Surface

Paving an asphalt structure on top of the damaged driveway causes the new pavement to crack easily. The contractor will first evaluate the driveway, and then dig out the unusable base. This may involve removing loose gravels, stumps, clay, and other soft material. This is an essential step, because if there is cracking in the asphalt, it will easily move upwards to the new pavement within a short period. To allow correction of sub base, removal of the current surface is vital.

  1. Grade the Subsoil

Grading is necessary to let the water run off your pavement in order to prevent a collapsed driveway. The contractor will grade the subsoil so that water runs down towards the road and also sideways away from your house. The contractor will then compact the base soil by running a drum roller over it. This helps in removing dirt to prevent any damage in future.

  1. Crushed Rock

The next step is to add crushed rock. The contractor will use coarse and sharp rocks that compact well to allow for proper drainage. The thickness of this layer varies depending on your subsoil. If your underlying soil is clay based, then you will need a huge amount of crushed rocks to get the solid base for a driveway. After this, the contractor compacts the crushed rock layer and usually gives it a week’s time to settle.

  1. Lay the Asphalt

The type, size and thickness of the asphalt needed will be specified, depending on the surface as well as the environment in the area. Usually, the best layer thickness is 2 to 3 inches. The hot mix asphalt is then layered on the driveway.

  1. Compacting and Finishing

After the asphalt is spread, the compacting process begins. It is advisable to do it on a sunny day as it makes the task easier and the asphalt cures better. The edge treatment commences after compacting. The edges should be hand tamped at 45-degree angle. It keeps the edges from eroding and strengthens your driveway. On completion of the whole process, your driveway gives you the rich, black look you want.

There are a number of ways contractors can cheat you with shortcuts on your driveway. It is essential you wisely choose the right service for your driveway paving. Check for their reputation, take referrals and ask questions. Choose the right Edmonton Driveway Paving service for your asphalt installation.

Image Source:


What’s Wearing Down Your Asphalt Pavement?

Asphalt pavement is usually known for its strength and durability. That is why it is one of the most used materials when it comes to pavement application. Overtime, your asphalt pavement will wear down and cause pavement problems. Here are some of the factors responsible for the deterioration of asphalt pavement.


Low quality asphalt is vulnerable to oxidation from the weather. This leads to deterioration of the asphalt pavement. Oxidation takes place when the oxygen in the air or water chemically affects the asphalt. As a result, the asphalt breaks down. Moreover, the UV rays from sun further damage the asphalt and make it brittle. Therefore, it is recommended that you have good quality asphalt for your pavement from expert asphalt pavers in Edmonton.

Ineffective Drainage

Most asphalt pavers in Edmonton would tell you that water is one of the main reasons for deterioration of asphalt pavement. Over a period of time, the asphalt develops small cracks if it is not maintained well. The water, then, seeps through these cracks and washes the base of the asphalt pavement. This eventually makes the pavement surface crack and breakdown. Therefore, it is important to have a good  drainage system where the water does not accumulate and dries quickly.

Insufficient Compacted Base

Another reason for the deterioration of asphalt pavement is an insufficient or improperly compacted base below the asphalt. Due to this, the asphalt is not strong enough to hold the pavement structure together, leading to pavement problems. Moreover, under or over compaction of asphalt base affects the life of pavement surfaces.

Improper Temperature of Asphalt

The hot mixed asphalt temperature is critical in order to obtain the right compaction and increases the longevity of pavement surfaces. The improper temperature of asphalt will result due to the following reasons.

  • atmospheric temperature of the construction site

  • base temperature

  • the time taken between the creation of hot mixed asphalt and using it at the construction site

  • velocity of the wind (the higher the velocity, the more quickly the asphalt mixture cools down)

  • seasonal changes (extreme cold or hot weather conditions)

Consider all these factors before going ahead with constructing your pavement surfaces. Take the help of expert asphalt pavers in Edmonton who will do the work for you in a much easier and effective manner. Moreover, if there are any problems in your pavement surfaces, call a professional asphalt paver before the condition worsens even more. Want to have long lasting residential or commercial asphalts? Then get it maintained by professional asphalt pavers in Edmonton.

Image Source: